Cooling of rooms with high thermal loading by means of indirect free cooling, adiabatic evaporative cooling, and an output-regulated compressor refrigeration system
Thanks to the combination of indirect free cooling, adiabatic evaporative cooling and the integrated output-regulated compressor refrigeration system, each of which supports the effectiveness of the others, the Adcoolair 75 unit series allows heat dissipation in recirculation mode from data processing centres and other rooms with high thermal loads, with minimal space requirements, low air pressure drops within the unit and very little energy consumption. The use of energy-efficient EC fan units, in combination with a demand-based flow rate control system, additionally contributes to the reduction of operating costs. The Adcoolair 75 unit series is optimally adapted to high return air temperatures. The combination of first-class components with precise control and regulation systems guarantees economical operation at all times.
Further performance parameters and options:
- Highest electrical efficiency, as all components are designed for minimal pressure losses
- Energy-saving EC fans
- Corrosion-free cross counterflow plate heat exchanger made from polypropylene
- Oil sump heater that can be switched off
- Use of electronic expansion valves
- Filtering the air in any operating mode
- Individually controllable performance parameters
- Complete unit, ready to connect, contains all structural elements for recirc air cooling, including all control and regulation fittings
- Intensive quality inspection with factory test run
- Integrated exhaust air/outside air bypass to avoid formation of condensate at low outside temperatures
- Hot water extraction, to use waste heat for heating purposes
- Pumped chilled water cooling coil instead of integrated compressor refrigeration system
- Outdoor installation
- Remote maintenance
- And many more
At a glance:
- Efficient cooling through the use of natural resources
- Compact dimensions, optimised for installation in plant rooms without an additional cooling tower
- Reliable cooling, even when outside temperatures are very high
- No contamination of the process airflow with dust or corrosive pollutants
- Moisture content of the process air remains unaffected
- Low airflow rate required for heat dissipation
- Excellent PUE values of up to 1.1
- Integrated control and regulation system, compatible with all conventional building management systems
Indirect free cooling at low outside air temperatures
The warm process air from the room with high thermal loads is drawn in via the return air fan and through an asymmetrical cross-counterflow recuperator. In order to extract the heat from the process air. The outside air is passed through the recuperator in a second air flow path, physically separate from the process air. The process air is cooled down in the recuperator through the cooling potential of the outside air. The outside air is variably adjusted, depending on the outside air temperature: with lower outside air temperature, the volume flow rate is reduced. The use of adiabatic evaporative cooling and the compressor refrigeration system is not required at that stage.
Adiabatic mode at moderate outside air temperatures
The process air is cooled down using indirect adiabatic evaporative cooling. The use of the compressor refrigeration system is not yet required. Even at low outside temperatures, heat exchange can take place using adiabatic humidification. As a result of this, the OA/EA volume flow rate dissipating the heat can be kept low, and this reduces the power consumption of the fan/motor unit.
Operation at high outside temperatures
In summertime conditions at very high outside air temperatures and in addition to the adiabatic evaporative cooling, the compressor refrigeration system with output-controlled scroll compressors is activated. In the first stage, the outside air is humidified and then cooled through the evaporation of the water. The cooled outside air indirectly extracts heat from the warm process air in the recuperator. Thus, the process air is significantly cooled, but not humidified. In the second stage, the downstream evaporator is used to cool the process air to the desired supply air temperature. The heat extracted from the process air is transferred to the exhaust air. As the adiabatic evaporative cooling delivers approximately 50% of the required refrigeration capacity, the continuously adjustable compressor refrigeration system is correspondingly dimensioned for approximately 50% of the total cooling capacity. This allows the lowest possible pressure losses to be maintained at the evaporator and condenser.
Optional: EA/OA bypass
In order to prevent dehumidification of the process air, the outside air can be preheated by means of an integrated EA/OA bypass. This prevents condensation of the return air humidity in the recuperator.
Optional: Warm water condenser
Via a warm water condenser, the heat extracted from the process air at the evaporator can be used for heating or hot process water. The integrated compressor refrigeration system operates as a heat pump in this mode. The control system ensures that the heat pump is primarily used when heat is required.